Have you ever wondered why we are called Caucasians?
Believe it or not, to find the answer to this question, we must go to the apocryphal Book of 2 Esdras, where we read of the Israelites of the northern kingdom who were in dispersion.
They had been taken captive by the Assyrians, and they determined that when they left the place of their captivity they would seek out a place that had never before been inhabited — a new frontier — where they could make a fresh start and renew their holy faith and practice, which they had not previously been diligent to keep.
“Those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own land, in the time of Hosea the king, whom Salmanasar the king of Assyria led away captive, and He carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land. But they took this counsel amongst themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt, that they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land. And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow passages of the River. For the Most High then shewed signs for them, and held still the flood, till they were passed over. For through that country there was a great way to go; namely, of a year and a half: and the same region is called Arsareth.” 2 Esdras 13:40-45
Here we read that when the Israelites of the northern tribes left the place of their captivity, they went through the narrow passages of the of the Euphrates, and that God held back the waters for them to cross, just as He had done for their ancestors, and that they ended up in a place called Arsareth.
Some scholars believe Arsareth may merely be a corruption of the Hebrew aher eretz, or, another (strange) land, as in Deuteronomy 29:28. The Syriac reads, “the same region is called Arzaph, the end of the world.” The Ethiopic reads Azaph. The Arabic has two names, Acsarâri and Ararawin. All would indicate a distant land.
Herodotus writes of this very same migration in chapter twelve of his fourth book, but he refers to the Israelites as Scythians and Cimmerians, and shows them going beyond the Araxes River, which is in the same general area. The point is, they went through the narrow passages northward to a distant land that previously had not been inhabited. This would indicate the as yet unexplored rivers and river valleys of Europe.
There is a passageway in this region called the Dariel Gorge. It is also called in song and legend, the Pass of Israel, which confirms the account in 2 Esdras 13:40-45. It winds its way through a beautiful mountain range on both sides. The name of the mountain range? The Caucasus, or Caucasian, Mountains.
So, we see that the very name of our racial type identifies us as the Israelites.